{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 22705, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22705", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.539", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "733 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "733", "_Disp_End_Date" : "733", "Disp_Title" : "Panel", "Alt_Title" : "Relief Panel with Standing Lord", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "65.09 cm x 63.5 cm x 7.62 cm (25 5/8 in. x 25 in. x 3 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "65.09 cm", "Disp_Width" : "63.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "limestone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "limestone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Architectural Structure", "Creation_Place2" : "Maya", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Late Classic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Bliss number B-539.64.MAS / DO number PC.B.539 (69.431) "From near the Rio San Pedro, approximately 50 kilometers east of Tenosique, Mexico." (see file) PC.B.539 Notes from a conversation with Stephen Houston, Oct. 2007 (emended by Houston Oct. 20) Text: Initial series date AD 649, Birth date of protagonist: Chakituun Chakituun’s titles and names: Ch’ok (a title for youth, from a “term” for “green, immature thing,” as in a sprout) and Turtle Death, probably ahk chamiiy, a title used by members of this noble line (his father’s shares the epithet) Chakituun’s mother: Ahk-? ‘Oxoom Chakituun’s father is a sajal: Moch, Ahk Chamiiy – the first part his personal name, the second some heritable epithet Time passes: 41 years later, Chakituun dances, holding something – in a sense, this is the “name’ of the dance, so termed by the object held and by the clothing appropriate to that dance. It is possible that the image below shows him in this activity. He is accompanied (yitaaj) by Ruler 3 of Piedras Negras, Yo’nalahk (see Martin and Grube 2000: 145-147, for discussion of his reign) AD 697, Chakituun becomes sajal, “wrapped in office,” a common Maya metaphor for the creation of sacred personages, as though a sacred bundle. This process is overseen (kabjiiy) by Ruler 3 of Piedras Negras. AD 732, Chakituun dies, at 84 years of age. Over 3 kilos, couldn''t be weighed. Here, text goes back in time: AD 729, a new magnate comes to the throne; This is caused to happen, instigated (kabjiiy) by Ruler 4 of Piedras Negras – the kabjiiy is the principal glyph of royal agency for the Classic Maya, a sense of “causing” something to happen by means of an agricultural metaphor of preparing fields for seeding. The new magnate’s mother is named; His father is unnamed – he is likely to have been Chakituun. Chakituun witnesses this event (probably yilaaj – the glyph is an eyeball with extromissive sight, the small lines representing peripheral vision, discussion in Houston et al. 2006, The Memory of Bones, in the chapter on “Senses). AD 732, Chakituun dies. AD 733, after one year, “Fire enters his tomb” (el-naah, probably, with mukil or muknal being the term for this burial). Vertical text to the right of the figure: Sculptor’s signature; He is “on loan” from another lord (yanabil), whose name is, alas, gone – similar phrasing occurs in the Lintels of Yaxchilan, esp. Lintel 46:H3a. Comments: Panel may have been carved at Piedras Negras, then carried elsewhere. It repeats patterns seen in far larger panels at Piedras Negras, but is appreciably smaller and transportable. The thinning and splitting, by looters in the early 60s (in all likelihood), was done to fashion an object of a good size to be carried out by tumpline or by mule. The thinning object was a hand-held saw – the panel was probably about twice as thick. Style/content suggest it may be from Texcoco area, just south of Piedras Negras. Lord carries shield, hummingbird headdress (with flower on beak) Panel would have been set in middle of staircase, just below the top of a pyramid built as a tomb to Chakituun, whose successor was someone approved by the new ruler at Piedras Negras – this successor could have been Chakituun’s son; Successor is probably the one who commissioned this monument. Pyramid probably took one year to build, hence the delay in the final date for entering the tomb with fire Text suggests transfer of power involved great deference to the aged Chakituun; Date of transfer (729) is within the same year as that of another sajal (New Orleans panel) + it also follows, by a few months, the accession of Ruler 4 at Piedras Negras => pure coincidence?? Of interest: panels from Piedras Negras’s sphere of influence write about ruler at Piedras Negras, but don’t depict him VS. sajal panels from Yaxchilan sphere have less text and generally depict local ruler alongside (and subservient to) ruler from Yaxchilan. From Stephen Houston, Oct. 2007: Of course, the panel follows the usual pattern, beginning with a birth, ending with the elnaah (or however we should read that sign). The timeline is straightforward, at least at first: 7 Ix 7 Sip Apr. 24, AD 649 B DO Panel:A1-B9 ( 8 Imix 4 Pax Dec. 17, AD 689 D DO:C5a-C5b ( 11 Muluk 2 Sip Apr. 7, AD 697 A DO:G2a-G2b ( 6 Ak''bal 11 Pax Dec. 13, AD 732 DT DO:I1b-J1a The dance and accession involve Ruler 3, as you know. The local sajal, Chakituun, is well into adulthood (and then some) when he gets a chance to dance with the overlord. He is older still when he accedes to sajal-ship. The dance itself has the savor of a designation, as though Ruler 3 had determined that this nobleman, after all, was the one to rule locally. The question, though, is what to do about the second accession on the DO panel. I noticed a while back that, when Ruler 4 comes to the throne, at least two sajal accede in the same year (as recorded on the New Orleans and DO panels). This can''t be a coincidence. At DO, the date for the second accession is: ( 2 Manik'' 10 Pax Dec. 13, AD 729 A DO:I4a-I7b My drawing (attached) shows that a "reception" event takes place at this time, too. But now there has to be a new lord involved: the name is different, a "turtle," which resonates with names at Piedras Negras, naturally. The text continues by stating the name of the new lord''s mother''s name, his overlord (Ruler 4), and then indicates that the old sajal -- at this point *very* old sajal, over 81 years of age -- "sees" this taking place. The rhetorical gaps are suggestive, only the mother''s name, no father. Reading between the lines, I think we''re seeing several things: a new overlord wanting his "own man" in local control; a sense that the older gentleman is found wanting or not up to the task; but also a hint of deference, as though the older lord were approving the change, or being said to approve it. I don''t think we have any evidence elsewhere of such "retirement" ...and handled with such diffident, even delicate language. Then the final dates: ( 6 Ak''bal 11 Pax Dec. 13, AD 732 DT DO:I1b-J1a ( 7 Imix 4 K''ayab Dec. 26, AD 733 FE DO:I11-J11 There is no agent, so the inference has to be that the successor, I think, has supervised this event. The fact that a little over a year has passed makes one wonder if this expresses the time involved in building a pyramid. The comparison between this kind of panel, that at New Orleans, and, say, Panel 15 of Piedras Negras is quite striking -- the latter is probably 3 to 4x the size of the sajal sculptures. But so similar, too: the Great Biography (although not involving war in the case of the sajal, unless we see a "spearing" at El Cayo), the image of the lord in the full of life, brimming with war-energy or, as at El Cayo, in flapstaff dance. At the risk of being maudlin, I think it recalls the kind of photos one sees in obituaries, always in the prime of the life, handsome, beautiful. I wish I could figure out, though, what gives with Sak Tz''i in these relations with points to the south. The "step" verbs at DPL are beginning to suggest that some of these are about "exile," too -- makes me wonder if that''s what we see on El Cayo Panel 1: the local lord is killed, at somewhere called Puchte'' (probably), is buried at Cayo, then the person will eventuall come to power goes into exile at Piedras Negras. The key part of the text appears to be at the very end, at M14, where "Red Monkey" of Sak Tz''i is mentioned in relation to the elnaah event of the 4 Panakwayib. But what is he doing? Is he supervising the event? ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.539.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.539.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.539.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.539.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19727", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }