{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 22703, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22703", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.551", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Fat God Masquette", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "5.4 cm x 5.08 cm x 3.49 cm (2 1/8 in. x 2 in. x 1 3/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "5.4 cm", "Disp_Width" : "5.08 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This pendant is a miniature mask of the Fat God, a poorly understood being found among the Maya and other early cultures of Mesoamerica. Its grotesque features are atypical for the canons of Olmec beauty, evoking what is believed to be a Bacchus-like character of feasting and clowning. The Fat God also may have been an embodiment of the World Center, the source of fertility, propsperity and wealth. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Bliss number B-551.66.OJ / DO number PC.B.551 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.551.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.551.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.551.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.551.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19739", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.551.S2.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.551.S2.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.551.S2.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.551.S2.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "19794", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22793, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22793", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.007", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Reclining Figure", "Alt_Title" : "Reclining Figure Pendant", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "5.08 cm x 11.11 cm x 1.91 cm (2 in. x 4 3/8 in. x 3/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "5.08 cm", "Disp_Width" : "11.11 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "serpentine", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "serpentine", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This figure was reportedly discovered in two fragments several years apart. The pieces were collected separately and rejoined in 1948. Probably originally worn as a pendant, it is similar to two other pieces attributed to the Olmec Middle Formative period (see Taube, 2004). The narrowed eyes and downturned mouth are characteristic of Olmec style.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 388 / Bliss number B-7.OS / DO number PC.B.007 "This piece was broken across the shoulders long ago. The two parts were discovered several years apart. Joined in 1948. Abraded area at right shoulder." (OF) Before both pieces get together the bust was exhibith at the National Gallery of Art from May to August of 1948. After reunited the complete object was exhibit at the NGA from August 1949 to July 1962 Letter from Bliss to Stendahl (March 22, 1962) indicate that the second half of the object was acquired 4 years apart Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.007.S8.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.007.S8.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.007.S8.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.007.S8.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "9203", "Image_Type" : "black and white photograph", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.007.S7.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.007.S7.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.007.S7.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.007.S7.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "9202", "Image_Type" : "black and white photograph", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.007.S6.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.007.S6.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.007.S6.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.007.S6.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "9201", "Image_Type" : "black and white photograph", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.007.S4.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.007.S4.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.007.S4.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.007.S4.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "9199", "Image_Type" : "black and white photograph", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.007.S2.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.007.S2.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.007.S2.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.007.S2.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "9197", "Image_Type" : "black and white photograph", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.007.S1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.007.S1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.007.S1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.007.S1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22397", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22892, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22892", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.050", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "300-600 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "300", "_Disp_End_Date" : "600", "Disp_Title" : "Mirror Back", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "12.07 cm x 12.38 cm x 0.95 cm (4 3/4 in. x 4 7/8 in. x 3/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "12.07 cm", "Disp_Width" : "12.38 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "slate", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "slate", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Classic Veracruz", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Early Classic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Previously on record in Period/Style field: Classic Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM) ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.050.S2.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.050.S2.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.050.S2.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.050.S2.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "9614", "Image_Type" : "black and white photograph", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.050.S3.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.050.S3.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.050.S3.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.050.S3.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "9615", "Image_Type" : "black and white photograph", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.050.S4.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.050.S4.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.050.S4.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.050.S4.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "9616", "Image_Type" : "black and white photograph", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.050.S5.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.050.S5.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.050.S5.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.050.S5.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "9617", "Image_Type" : "black and white photograph", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.050.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.050.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.050.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.050.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19238", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22992, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22992", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.022", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Duck-Billed Pendant", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "8.26 cm x 3.49 cm x 1.59 cm (3 1/4 in. x 1 3/8 in. x 5/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "8.26 cm", "Disp_Width" : "3.49 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This pendant porterays an otherwise human head supplied with a massive duck bill. As among later peoples of ancient Mesoamerica, the Olmec identified the duck with rain, water, and fructufying powers of agricultural fertility. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Brummer number N 3960 / NGA number 395 / Bliss number B-22.OJ / DO number PC.B.022 (57.3**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative The dossier indicate that the object is possibly from the Veracruz lowland but also is a Lothrop''s note from 1948 saying that the object is from the Balsas district in Guerrero (see the provenance field). Note from Vladimir G. Simkhovitch (letter of May 14, 1948): "The duckbill jade. They called it in the past Mayan because of its relation to the famous Tuxtla statuette, the earliest dated statuette. But they now call both vey Olmec. This jade is subtle rendering of the clumsy duck-god, that the Tuxtla statuette represents. It was a local deity of certain period when the waterfowl were the predominant means of subsistence." Note from Vladimir G. Simkhovitch (letter of May 14, 1948): " The Brummer things came largely from Ratton and the Paine collection, which was great Mayan collection. The Ratton collection came from two great sources, the Diaz and the Kapstan collections, both formes in Mexico in the course of decades -- and of great quality." Note from Simkhovitch (letter of May 18, 1948): "According to Spinden the Duck-bill jade was copied by Spratling in silver as a pendant for a necklace. That was many years ago.''" Leonardo Lopez Lujan (April 18, 2009): Según la bióloga del proyecto, el ave representada en tu pieza es un pato cuchara o cucharón, Anas clypeata... Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record. ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.022.S2.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.022.S2.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.022.S2.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.022.S2.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "9353", "Image_Type" : "black and white photograph", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.022.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.022.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.022.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.022.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19217", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 23093, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23093", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.082", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "ca. 1500 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1495", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1505", "Disp_Title" : "Head of Xipe Totec", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "5.4 cm x 4.45 cm x 2.86 cm (2 1/8 in. x 1 3/4 in. x 1 1/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "5.4 cm", "Disp_Width" : "4.45 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Shell", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Shell", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Aztec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Late Postclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Brummer''s number P 6741 / NGA number 372 / Bliss number B-82.AL / DO number PC.B.082 Purchased from Ernest Brummer, 1947 (P6741) in a lot that includes the following objects in the collection: PC-B-035, 057, 059, 071, 075, 079, 082, 121, 124, 144, 204, 208, 440, 441. Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.082.S1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.082.S1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.082.S1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.082.S1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20096", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.082.S2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.082.S2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.082.S2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.082.S2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20126", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }