{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 23100, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23100", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.144", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1200-1520 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1200", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1520", "Disp_Title" : "Atl atl", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "60.33 cm x 3.81 cm x 1.59 cm (23 3/4 in. x 1 1/2 in. x 5/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "60.33 cm", "Disp_Width" : "3.81 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "wood", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Leonardo Lopez Lujan and Javier Urcid think this is a Mixtec object. Javier Urcid wrote in an e-mail to Lopez Lujan on October 25, 2005: Cierto (yo tambien creo que es mixteco) pero vale la pena ser explicito. Cerca del personaje descendiente en el extremo posterior de la superficie inferior hay un glifo del anio 4 o 5 Conejo. El signo del anio es la banda real con el entrelace A-O. Como los escribanos Mexica preferian usar el cuadrete como indice del anio, supongo entonces que el lanza dardos se produjo en alguna parte del suroeste de Mesoamerica. Podria haber sido manufacturado y usado en alguna parte de la Mixteca Alta, pero tambien pudo ser un producto de Popoloca (sur de Puebla). ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Weapon", "Creation_Place2" : "Mixteca Alta", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Late Postclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Brummer''s number N 3300 / NGA number 375 / Bliss number B-144.MW / DO number PC.B.144 (57.65**, 113) Purchased from Ernest Brummer, 1947 (40.3972A Oaks; N3300). in a lot that includes the following objects in the collection: PC-B-035, 057, 059, 071, 075, 079, 082, 121, 124, 144, 204, 208, 440, 441. On October 27, 2005 we change the cultural affiliation from Aztec or Mixtec to Mixtec on the basis of Leonardo Lopez Lujan and Javier Urcid opinions: see notes in authorities and visiting scholar. Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record (JAM).", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.144.2008.1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.144.2008.1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.144.2008.1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.144.2008.1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20165", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.144.2008.2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.144.2008.2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.144.2008.2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.144.2008.2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20216", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.144.2008.3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.144.2008.3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.144.2008.3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.144.2008.3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20217", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.144.2008.4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.144.2008.4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.144.2008.4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.144.2008.4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20218", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.144.2008.5.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.144.2008.5.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.144.2008.5.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.144.2008.5.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20219", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22514, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22514", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.078", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1524-1600", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1524", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1600", "Disp_Title" : "Obsidian Mirror or Portable Altar", "Alt_Title" : "Obsidian Mirror / Portable Altar", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "31.5 cm x 28.5 cm x 2.8 cm (12 3/8 in. x 11 1/4 in. x 1 1/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "31.5 cm", "Disp_Width" : "28.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Obsidian and gilded wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Obsidian and gilded wood", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "", "Creation_Place2" : "Aztec / Colonial", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Late Postclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 844 / Bliss number B-78.AS / DO number PC.B.078 Purchased for 12,000 pesetas ($200.00) at a flea market in Madrid, 1961. See extensive correspondence for historical background in PDF located in surrogate list. Change of funtion from Mirror to Portable altar was made by Elizenda Vila (Museum intern 2006-2007) during her research writing the catalogue entry for the Museum Guidebook. Over 3 kilos, couldnt be weighed.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.078.S1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.078.S1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.078.S1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.078.S1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19261", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.078.S2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.078.S2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.078.S2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.078.S2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20125", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22723, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22723", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.557", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1200-1520 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1200", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1520", "Disp_Title" : "Mosaic Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "13.65 cm x 13.34 cm x 8.26 cm (5 3/8 in. x 5 1/4 in. x 3 1/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "13.65 cm", "Disp_Width" : "13.34 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "wood and stone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "wood and stone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "", "Creation_Place2" : "Maya", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Late Postclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Previously on record in Period/Style field: Late Postclassic See Benson notes; mask made of wood, turquoise, red clay, wax or fat, bone, hair, human and animal teeth John Verano, in PC galleries, 10-12-2008: the four central teeth are probably children''s teeth. The first on the proper-right side is cracked and broken. The two protruding canines are from a carnivorous animal Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record and weight was 182.53 grams (JAM) Object was weighed again in December 2010 with the same scale after C14 samples were taken. The weight was 182.08 grams (JAM). Technical analysis done between 2009 and 2010 for Maya catalogue (with 2 first precedents): - Irving Widmer Bailey, Institute for Research in General Plant Morphology, Harvard University, identification of wood, 1966 - Harriet Beaubien, Tania Collas, Jia-Sun Tsang, Walter R. Hopwood, Camie Campbell, Conservation Analytical Laboratory, Museum Support Center (currently the Museum Conservation Institute), Smithsonian Institution, polarized light microscopy, scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer (SEM-EDS), and x-ray diffraction (XRD), identification of adhesive, pigments in adhesive and paint on back of mask, hair and fiber, 1994-1995 - Edward Vicenzi, Museum Conservation Institute, Smithsonian Institution, brief examination of white tesserae, 2009 - Adrian Velázquez Castro, Museo del Templo Mayor, brief examination of white tesserae, 2009 - Jack Frazier, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, examination of ear ornament as tortoiseshell, 2009 - Andrew Scherer, Brown University, identification of human teeth, 2010 - Greg Hodgins, NSF-Arizona AMS Facility/University of Arizona, radiocarbon dating of wood, 2010 [1038-1205 CE] - Janet Douglas, Freer Gallery of Art; x-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF), UV light, microscopic examination; examination and identification of tesserae, 2010 - Marcianna Lane Rodríguez, Archaeobiology Program, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, identification of wood, 2010 [ongoing] - Adam Watson, University of Virginia/Archaeobiology Program, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, identification of faunal teeth, 2010 [ongoing] - Francis Berdan, California State University, San Bernardino, identification of adhesive, 2010 [ongoing] C14 dates in final report by Greg Hodgings are: AD1013 to AD1150 at 95.4% 24/09/10 2/10/2011 M.Doutriaux phone conversation with Walter Randel: Joseph Nocera, who did some basic conservation work on the mask in 1966, worked at the Museum of Natural History in New York. The Museum may have on file some photographs of his work, which was limited to gluing an area of the mosaic that had buckled up. No new pieces were added to the mosaic at this time. Pieces of the same nature as the mask, possibly found together with it or in the vicinity, were owned by Belgian dealer Emile Deletaille. He may have exhibited them. [Note: 1985 catalogue called Rediscovered Masterpieces of Mesoamerica: Mexico-Guatemala-Honduras; 1992 catalogue] [Mijel?] Rosado, who sold the mask to Randel, told him that the people who dug up the mask burned the box in which it was found. Josue Saenz, original owner of the mask, was imperious, very wealthy, very smart; his advisor Franco was a fool who failed to recognize several exceptional pieces. When Randel bought the mask, Saenz was requesting his money back from Rosado because Franco thought it was a fake. Alex [Page?] wanted to buy the mask from Randel, but Alphonse Jax sold it to Mrs. Bliss first. Olmec find from a known dig in 1926 included many small jadeite turtles created with minimal reduction of the stone as found. Randel will try to send a photograph. (this, related to tortoiseshell ear ornament) ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.557.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.557.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.557.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.557.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19744", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.557.S2.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.557.S2.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.557.S2.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.557.S2.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "19795", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22728, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22728", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.566", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1300-1520 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1300", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1520", "Disp_Title" : "Disk with Mosaic Inlays", "Alt_Title" : "Mosaic Plaque", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "12.07 cm x 1.59 cm (4 3/4 in. x 5/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "12.07 cm", "Disp_Width" : "1.59 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "turquoise and shell", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "turquoise and shell", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "", "Creation_Place2" : "Mixtec-Aztec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Late Postclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Previously on record in Period/Style field: Late Postclassic 12-12-2006: Elizabeth Boone believes this is a fake (pers. comm.) 01/05/99: Notes from visual inspection by Barbara Hall, Chicago Art Institute wood base, convex disk with perforations adhesive likely a resin but composition not known British Museum pieces had adhesive analysis--need report BH notes presence of some finger prints in adhesive on edge of piece Loa Traxler: piece appears to have been "conserved/restored" upon arrival here in DO--b/w photograph seems to be pre-treatment there are differences in shell piece surfaces small areas of adhesive base (which did not have mosaic at acquisition time) which have been removed, e.g. figure''s wrist ornament shell piece lost from 6:30 o''clock position seen in photo coloration of mosaic pieces - ?turq. deteriorate in color over time? Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record. BH: turq. pieces seem beveled or undercut, also shell pieces DO piece amber colored adhesive looks very much like resin, and very diff from Chicago piece radial pattern to inset mosaic Loa Traxler for catalog pub: wood species resin composition analysis turquoise study ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.566.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.566.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.566.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.566.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22391", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }