{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 23117, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23117", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.014", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Standing Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "23.81 cm x 12.07 cm x 8.26 cm (9 3/8 in. x 4 3/4 in. x 3 1/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "23.81 cm", "Disp_Width" : "12.07 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "diopside-jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "diopside-jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The first Pre-Columbian object acquired by Robert Woods Bliss. In view of the many stylistic similarities shared with carvings at La Venta, it is likely that this object was fashioned in a region near La Venta, if not at the site itself. Among its many significant features, the standing figure displays certain traits of the Olmec Maize God such as the projecting upper incisors and cranial modification. Rather than depicting a deity, this jadeite statuette may represent a living person or idealized ancestor identified with the Olmec Maize God.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 46 / Bliss number B-14.OJ / DO number PC.B.014 Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.014.S1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.014.S1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.014.S1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.014.S1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19209", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22664, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22664", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.020", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Mask", "Alt_Title" : "Jaguar Mask", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "20.64 cm x 17.78 cm x 10.8 cm (8 1/8 in. x 7 in. x 4 1/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "20.64 cm", "Disp_Width" : "17.78 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The perforated pupils, nostrils, hollowed nose, and suspension holes of this mask, all suggest that the piece was worn. It may have been used in rites involving deity impersonation, but considerable rustlike staining around the eyes suggests that it may have had another function. The face is exceptionally well carved, and portrays a supernatural being with features reminiscent of the Olmec Maize God.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Mask", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 815 / Bliss number B-20.OJ / DO number PC.B.020 Information in the Historical notes file come from a 1995 correspondence with Robert Stolper in object file. And from the bill of sale. Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record (JAM) ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.020.S1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.020.S1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.020.S1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.020.S1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19215", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22793, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22793", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.007", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Reclining Figure", "Alt_Title" : "Reclining Figure Pendant", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "5.08 cm x 11.11 cm x 1.91 cm (2 in. x 4 3/8 in. x 3/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "5.08 cm", "Disp_Width" : "11.11 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "serpentine", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "serpentine", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This figure was reportedly discovered in two fragments several years apart. The pieces were collected separately and rejoined in 1948. Probably originally worn as a pendant, it is similar to two other pieces attributed to the Olmec Middle Formative period (see Taube, 2004). The narrowed eyes and downturned mouth are characteristic of Olmec style.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 388 / Bliss number B-7.OS / DO number PC.B.007 "This piece was broken across the shoulders long ago. The two parts were discovered several years apart. Joined in 1948. Abraded area at right shoulder." (OF) Before both pieces get together the bust was exhibith at the National Gallery of Art from May to August of 1948. After reunited the complete object was exhibit at the NGA from August 1949 to July 1962 Letter from Bliss to Stendahl (March 22, 1962) indicate that the second half of the object was acquired 4 years apart Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.007.S1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.007.S1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.007.S1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.007.S1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22397", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 23094, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23094", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.024", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Hummingbird Bloodletter", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "17.15 cm x 2.54 cm x 2.22 cm (6 3/4 in. x 1 in. x 7/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "17.15 cm", "Disp_Width" : "2.54 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This shallowly incised bloodletter features the lancet tip denoting the long, sharp beak. This perforator is of the Olmec "icepick" type. Other examples have been excavated from Formative contexts at la Venta and Seibal as well as from Classic Cerro de las Mesas. The icepick perforator form closely resembles the Olmec feathered maize ear fetishes, with the point representing the protruding ear of corn. In Mesoamerican thought, blood is widely identified with maize, much as if it constituted the sacrificial sustenance of the gods and ancestors. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 601 / Bliss number B-24.OJ / DO number PC.B.024 Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.024.S1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.024.S1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.024.S1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.024.S1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19389", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22700, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22700", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.538", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "100 BCE - 100 CE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "100 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "100", "Disp_Title" : "Winged Plaque", "Alt_Title" : "Carved Winged Plaque", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "8.89 cm x 26.67 cm x 2.86 cm (3 1/2 in. x 10 1/2 in. x 1 1/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "8.89 cm", "Disp_Width" : "26.67 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Quartzite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Quartzite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "With its central mask and flanking crossed bands, this pendant corresponds closely to the celestial iconography of Olmec headbands as seen in similar, but slighlty smaller, examples from La Venta and Chiapas. It could have also been fashioned for a deity image of stone or wood. Examples of oversized jewellry are unknown for the Olmec.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec, Maya", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Bliss number B-538.64.OS / DO number PC.B.538 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative The OS came from a serpentine identification of the stone later changed it to quartzite. Similar object (Olmec celt with Maya inscription) sold in november 2004 by Ney York Christie''s Auction House for $1,575,000 (base price $1,125,000) Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.538.S1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.538.S1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.538.S1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.538.S1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19726", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.538.S2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.538.S2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.538.S2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.538.S2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "19793", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22623, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22623", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.010", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Fragmentary Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "5.08 cm x 3.18 cm x 1.91 cm (2 in. x 1 1/4 in. x 3/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "5.08 cm", "Disp_Width" : "3.18 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "serpentine", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "serpentine", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This object may be a fragment of a larger statue, broken at the waist. It is possible that it was recarved to include incised arms within the truncated portion of the upper torso. The slitted, slanted eyes and downturned mouth are typical of Olmec Middle Formative Sculpture, while this particular coiffure suggests that the figure is female.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 784 / Bliss number B-10.OS / DO number PC.B.010 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.010.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.010.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.010.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.010.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19206", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22764, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22764", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.009", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Transformation Figure in Combat Stance", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "7.9 x 4.4 x 2.9 cm (3 1/8 x 1 3/4 x 1 1/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "7.9 cm", "Disp_Width" : "4.4 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "serpentine", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "serpentine", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This hybrid figure, part human and part jaguar, likely depicts a shamanistic transformation that appears frequently in Olmec iconography. It is similiar in both material and technique to another object in the Bliss Collection (PC.B.008), with which it was reportedly found. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 645 / Bliss number B-9.OS / DO number PC.B.009 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Early Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.009.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.009.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.009.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.009.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19205", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22750, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22750", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.008", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Transformation Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "19 x 8.9 x 7.9 cm (7 1/2 x 3 1/2 x 3 1/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "19 cm", "Disp_Width" : "8.9 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "serpentine", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "serpentine", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The aggressive stance and powerful musculature of this small figure lend it a monumental presence in spite of its size. The combination of anthropomorphic and feline characteristics suggests that this is a representation of a shamanic figure in a transformative state. It is one of several figures in the Bliss Collection that represents that various phases of transformation from human to jaguar. It was reportedly found with PC.B.009 in Tabasco, Mexico.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 644 / Bliss number B-8.OS / DO number PC.B.008 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Reportedly found in Tabasco with another Transformation Figure (PC.B.009) Material analysis by Paul Jett, made at the Freer Galley in 1996 note that the red pigment on the stone is cinnabar (vermillion) and the the inlay of the eye is iron oxide. PC.B.008 is found on this website. http://www.crystalinks.com/olmec.html Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record (JAM) ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.008.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.008.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.008.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.008.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19204", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 23122, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23122", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.127", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "13.02 cm x 11.11 cm x 7.3 cm (5 1/8 in. x 4 3/8 in. x 2 7/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "13.02 cm", "Disp_Width" : "11.11 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "diopside-jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "diopside-jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Fashioned from a single piece of jade, the back of this mask is deeply hollowed out. It lacks, however, eye perforations and its size is insufficient to cover a face as in actual masks to be worn. Although the function of this well-rounded piece is yet to be determined, it is quite possible that as other similar examples, they were costume ornaments, such as pectorals or belt pieces. It is also conceivable that they served as masks for personified sacred bundles, such as would contain the remains of honored ancestors or images of gods and esteemed objects.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Mask", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 45 / Bliss number B-127.OJ (MJ) / DO number PC.B.127 (57.87**, 47.92*, D.O.41.6) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.127.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.127.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.127.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.127.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20149", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22629, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22629", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.011", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Dwarf", "Alt_Title" : "Dwarft Statuette", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "9.21 cm x 3.81 cm x 5.08 cm (3 5/8 in. x 1 1/2 in. x 2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "9.21 cm", "Disp_Width" : "3.81 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "talc", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "talc", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The crouching chinless dwarf is usually found in the form of small,portable sculpture. The squatting stance and frequently upturned head suggest a posture of attendant supplication, a seemingly appropriate position for dwarfs in royal courtly life. Drilled perforations through the earlobes and septum indicate that the figure originally may have been supplied with jewelry. Dwarfs were probably considered chosen beings having a special link to powers of rain and fertility.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 747 / Bliss number B-11.OS / DO number PC.B.011 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.011.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.011.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.011.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.011.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19207", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 23116, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23116", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.134", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Tube", "Alt_Title" : "Bar Pendant", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "24.77 cm x 1.91 cm (9 3/4 in. x 3/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "24.77 cm", "Disp_Width" : "1.91 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The thin walls of this piece indicate that it is no ordinary bead since a remarkable effort was invested on its production. It may be a copy of a blowgun, possibly constituting part of an assemblage of jadeite weapons serving as emblems of power. The blowgun has widespread distribution in Mesoamerica but its antiquity and origins are poorly known, although it does appear in Early Classic Teotihuacan and Maya art. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 600 / Bliss number B-134.MJ / DO number PC.B.134 (57.79**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record. Re-classed as Olmec by K. Taube for the Olmec Catalogue in 2002.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.134.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.134.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.134.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.134.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19318", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22605, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22605", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.151", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "8.26 cm x 6.99 cm x 5.08 cm (3 1/4 in. x 2 3/4 in. x 2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "8.26 cm", "Disp_Width" : "6.99 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "serpentine", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "serpentine", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Reportedly found in the region of Nebaj, Guatemala, the facial proportions and physiognomy of this mask support this attribution. Although possesing strong Olmec features, the large ckeeks, pursed mouth and puffy eyes are characteristic of pieces carved in the Guatemalan highlands and piedmont.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Mask", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 749 / Bliss number B-151.MAS / DO number PC.B.151 (63.148) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Was classified simply as "Maya" from Guatemala. Re-classed as Olmec by K. Taube for the Olmec Catalogue in 2002. Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.151.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.151.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.151.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.151.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19333", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22766, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22766", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.166", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Monkey Masquette", "Alt_Title" : "Miniature Mask", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "2.86 cm x 2.86 cm x 1.91 cm (1 1/8 in. x 1 1/8 in. x 3/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "2.86 cm", "Disp_Width" : "2.86 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This miniature mask probably served as a pendant. The widely open eyes and sunken cheeks of the represented monkey convey a highly animated and almost mischievous quality. In view of their spirited antics, monkeys were widely regarded as amusing beings in ancient Mesoamerica. It is possible that items such as this pendant, may refer to social roles corresponding to performance and entertaining.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 557 / Bliss number B-166.MAJ / DO number PC.B.166 / D.O.38.70 (57.111**, 63.63) (originally entered NGA as Bliss 37) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.166.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.166.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.166.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.166.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19347", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.166.S2.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.166.S2.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.166.S2.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.166.S2.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "19382", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22843, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22843", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.029", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Celt", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "21.59 cm x 8.57 cm x 4.13 cm (8 1/2 in. x 3 3/8 in. x 1 5/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "21.59 cm", "Disp_Width" : "8.57 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Attributed to Rancho Potrerillos, in the vicinity of El Mangal, Veracruz as celt B-28. Such fine jadeite celts must have been items of great wealth in Middle Formative Olmec society, deriving from the same cache or burial. Smaller than its pair, this celt retains a considerable amount of pecking from the manufacture process in the poll area. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 383 / Bliss number B-29.OJ / DO number PC.B.029 (57.17**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), previous weight on record was 1800g. ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.029.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.029.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.029.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.029.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19223", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22844, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22844", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.028", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Celt", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "28.3 x 8.89 x 3.8 cm (11 1/8 x 3 1/2 x 1 1/2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "28.3 cm", "Disp_Width" : "8.89 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Attributed to Rancho Potrerillos, in the vicinity of El Mangal, Veracruz along with B-29. Both fine jadeite celts must have been items of great wealth in Middle Formative Olmec society deriving, most likely, from the same cache or burial. This celt is the larger of the two revealing a great deal of effort in the final stages of grinding and polishing since only small portions of pecking are still visible. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 382 / Bliss number B-28.OJ / DO number PC.B.028 (57.17**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.028.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.028.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.028.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.028.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19222", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22856, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22856", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.032", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Effigy Spear-Thrower", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "33.02 cm x 2.22 cm x 2.22 cm (13 in. x 7/8 in. x 7/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "33.02 cm", "Disp_Width" : "2.22 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "One of the only two known examples of greenstone effigy spear-throwers in Mesoamerica. In view of the quality of the jade, form, and workmanship, this example is almost surely Olmec. Its relatively small size suggests that it was not used as a spear-thrower. Instead, it was probably intended as an effigy copy of an atl-atl, perhaps as an insignia of rank or as a votive offering. Although rare, Aztec miniature examples in bone are known from excavations at Templo Mayor. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 669 / Bliss number B-32.OJ (MJ) / DO number PC.B.032 (57.17-B**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record (JAM). Reportedly found with another effigy spear-thrower(PC.B.033)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.032.s1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.032.s1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.032.s1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.032.s1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19226", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 23074, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23074", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.015", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Standing Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "8.57 cm x 3.49 cm x 2.86 cm (3 3/8 in. x 1 3/8 in. x 1 1/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "8.57 cm", "Disp_Width" : "3.49 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This statuette conveys some of the more noteworthy conventions of Olmec art and lapidary, especially the ones of "baby" figures. Along with infantile qualities characteristic of God IV, the sculpture resembles a personified celt similar to the well-known Kunz Axe. Scholars believe this infant Olmec deity probably represents the childlike, seed aspect of the adult Olmec Maize God. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 393 / Bliss number B-14.OJ / DO number PC.B.015 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Note from Vladimir G. Simkhovitch (letter of May 14, 1948): " Proto-Olmeca figurine with jaguar mouth, which I got from Walter Baker in exchange for my Greek 7th Cent. bronze lion. I love this jade as well as it art. I have not Idea what Baker paid. Joseph Brummer refused to put a price on it, when I wanted it -- he called it part of his private collection and not for sale -- unless someone buys his entire collection. But I dont know that I could not possibly get a jade like this today for twice the amount." Note from Vladimir G. Simkhovitch (letter of May 14, 1948): " The Brummer things came largely from Ratton and the Paine collection, which was great Mayan collection. The Ratton collection came from two great sources, the Diaz and the Kapstan collections, both formes in Mexico in the course of decades -- and of great quality." Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.015.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.015.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.015.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.015.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19210", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22607, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22607", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.006", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Portrait Head", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "9.53 cm x 6.67 cm x 6.03 cm (3 3/4 in. x 2 5/8 in. x 2 3/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "9.53 cm", "Disp_Width" : "6.67 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "serpentine", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "serpentine", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The sensitivity to the individual features of this figure suggests that it may be a portrait. It was most likely originally part of a larger sculpture. Carved of serpentine, the dark green color has been stained brown by a lenghty burial. Both the hairstyle and cranial deformation are typical of Middle Formative Olmec sculpture.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 778 / Bliss number B-6.OS / DO number PC.B.006 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Talc analysis made by Switser (n.d.). Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.006.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.006.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.006.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.006.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19202", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22683, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22683", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.030", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Celt", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "22.54 cm x 10.8 cm x 4.13 cm (8 7/8 in. x 4 1/4 in. x 1 5/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "22.54 cm", "Disp_Width" : "10.8 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This polished celt is of particularly massive and impressive size, weighing almost 1.7 kilograms. The Olmec focus was not on the hafted axe, but rather the naked jade celt, which is frequently represented in both portable and monumental art. Their closely placement in Olmec celt caches indicate that they were deposited without hafted handles. In addition, they are often elaborately carved and incised -ornamentation that would be covered or obscured by hafting. Thus, celts like this one may have played a critical role in preparing the fields for food production but also as condensed symbols of agricultural fertility and farming.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 608 / Bliss number B-30.OJ / DO number PC.B.030 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), previous weight on record was 1700 g. (JAM) ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.030.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.030.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.030.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.030.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19224", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 23105, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23105", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.025", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Hummingbird Bloodletter", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "6.67 cm x 2.22 cm x 1.59 cm (2 5/8 in. x 7/8 in. x 5/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "6.67 cm", "Disp_Width" : "2.22 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Almost surely, this object served as a bloodletting instrument. Although the jadeite bloodletters, such as this one, tend not to have sharp points, they may have been used after an initial cut was made from obsidian or another sharp material. It is also conceivable, however, that some jade bloodletters may have been precious but non-functional votive copies of real lancets used in bloodletting. Hummingbirds are an important Olmec bloodletting motif, with the long beak serving as the piercing instrument.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 404 / Bliss number B-25.OJ / DO number PC.B.025 (57.7**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.025.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.025.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.025.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.025.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19219", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22882, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22882", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.023", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Celt Pendant", "Alt_Title" : "Pendant", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "16.51 cm x 6.35 cm x 0.64 cm (6 1/2 in. x 2 1/2 in. x 1/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "16.51 cm", "Disp_Width" : "6.35 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "diopside-jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "diopside-jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This jade pectoral expresses the close relationship between greenstone celts and maize in Olmec culture. A prominent maize sign is boldly incised on one side. It consists of a trefoil element representing a maize ear partly projecting from an enclosing husk. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Brummer number N 3251 / NGA number 3 / Bliss number B-23.OJ / DO number PC.B.023 (57.20**, 47.47*, D.O.35.7) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM) ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.023.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.023.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.023.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.023.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19218", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22992, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22992", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.022", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Duck-Billed Pendant", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "8.26 cm x 3.49 cm x 1.59 cm (3 1/4 in. x 1 3/8 in. x 5/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "8.26 cm", "Disp_Width" : "3.49 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This pendant porterays an otherwise human head supplied with a massive duck bill. As among later peoples of ancient Mesoamerica, the Olmec identified the duck with rain, water, and fructufying powers of agricultural fertility. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Brummer number N 3960 / NGA number 395 / Bliss number B-22.OJ / DO number PC.B.022 (57.3**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative The dossier indicate that the object is possibly from the Veracruz lowland but also is a Lothrop''s note from 1948 saying that the object is from the Balsas district in Guerrero (see the provenance field). Note from Vladimir G. Simkhovitch (letter of May 14, 1948): "The duckbill jade. They called it in the past Mayan because of its relation to the famous Tuxtla statuette, the earliest dated statuette. But they now call both vey Olmec. This jade is subtle rendering of the clumsy duck-god, that the Tuxtla statuette represents. It was a local deity of certain period when the waterfowl were the predominant means of subsistence." Note from Vladimir G. Simkhovitch (letter of May 14, 1948): " The Brummer things came largely from Ratton and the Paine collection, which was great Mayan collection. The Ratton collection came from two great sources, the Diaz and the Kapstan collections, both formes in Mexico in the course of decades -- and of great quality." Note from Simkhovitch (letter of May 18, 1948): "According to Spinden the Duck-bill jade was copied by Spratling in silver as a pendant for a necklace. That was many years ago.''" Leonardo Lopez Lujan (April 18, 2009): Según la bióloga del proyecto, el ave representada en tu pieza es un pato cuchara o cucharón, Anas clypeata... Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record. ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.022.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.022.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.022.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.022.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19217", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 23125, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23125", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.019", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Fragmentary Figure", "Alt_Title" : "Head of Figure", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "6.67 cm x 3.81 cm x 3.81 cm (2 5/8 in. x 1 1/2 in. x 1 1/2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "6.67 cm", "Disp_Width" : "3.81 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Despite considerable damage, this figure is one of the most outstanding examples of portable Olmec sculpture. The cutting of the face from the body appears to have been intentional recalling other major Olmec sculptures suffering controlled mutilation. Among the more striking traits of the piece is the mane of shoulder lenght hair delineated by series of incised lines. Scholars are inclined to think that both the facial features and hairstyle represent a male Olmec ruler. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 394 / Bliss number B-19.OJ / DO number PC.B.019 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative A notation on the dossiers state the the object is "Possibly from Tututepec, coast of Oaxaca, Mexico". Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.019.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.019.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.019.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.019.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20045", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.019.S2.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.019.S2.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.019.S2.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.019.S2.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20120", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 23119, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23119", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.128", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Winged Pendant", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "7.62 cm x 26.67 cm x 1.27 cm (3 in. x 10 1/2 in. x 1/2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "7.62 cm", "Disp_Width" : "26.67 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "diopside-jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "diopside-jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The use of "hidden" suspension holes drilled through the top edge and back of this piece is commonly found in Olmec pendants. Although it is conceivable that its winged shape represents a hgihly stilized bat, the abstract nature of the pendant mitigates against any firm links to the natural world.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 384 / Bliss number B-128.MJ / DO number PC.B.128 (57.81**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Was classified simply as "Mexico." Re-classed as Olmec by K. Taube for the Olmec Catalogue in 2002. Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.128.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.128.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.128.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.128.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20150", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22869, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22869", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.026", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Tubular Bead", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "16.19 cm x 1.91 cm (6 3/8 in. x 3/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "16.19 cm", "Disp_Width" : "1.91 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Due to their simple form, tubular jade beads often are diffcult to source and date. This bead, however, is carved from high quality, semi-translucent jadeite and exhibits considerable amounts of cinnabar staining, qualities that are relatively common to Olmec jades.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 478 / Bliss number B-26.OJ (MJ) / DO number PC.B.026 (57.19**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.026.s1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.026.s1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.026.s1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.026.s1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19220", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22655, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22655", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.018", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Seated Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "9.84 cm x 6.67 cm x 5.72 cm (3 7/8 in. x 2 5/8 in. x 2 1/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "9.84 cm", "Disp_Width" : "6.67 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Although displaying clear Olmec conventions, this sculpture is unusual in both posture and physiognomy. Incised lines delineate body parts as well as a"flame eyebrows" in the headband and a trefoil maize sign at the central crown of the head. It is quite possible that both motifs refer to the central old axis, an attribute of Huehueteotl, one of the earliest -known deities of Mesoamerica. Thus, this figure could be one of the early versions of Huehueteotl. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 728 / Bliss number B-18.OJ / DO number PC.B.018 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM) ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.018.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.018.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.018.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.018.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19213", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22858, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22858", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.004", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Masquette", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "11.11 cm x 13.34 cm x 2.86 cm (4 3/8 in. x 5 1/4 in. x 1 1/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "11.11 cm", "Disp_Width" : "13.34 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "porphyry", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "porphyry", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This masquette may have originally been worn as a diadem tied to the center of the brow. While it probably depicts a jaguar face with a missing lower jaw, avian motifs can also be seen in profile, facing away from center with beaks curving downwards.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Mask", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 43 / Bliss number B-4.OS / DO number PC.B.004 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.004.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.004.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.004.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.004.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20031", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22651, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22651", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.017", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Standing Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "8.57 cm x 3.81 cm x 1.91 cm (3 3/8 in. x 1 1/2 in. x 3/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "8.57 cm", "Disp_Width" : "3.81 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This figure probably derives from a celt as well as from La Venta, since in terms of dimensions, pose, and general appearance, it is notably similar to figurines recovered from the 1943 La Venta season. The most remarkable features are the tubular cranium as well as piercings by biconical drilling. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 782 / Bliss number B-17.OJ / DO number PC.B.017 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.017.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.017.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.017.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.017.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19212", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 23085, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23085", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.016", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Standing Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "11.11 cm x 4.76 cm x 1.91 cm (4 3/8 in. x 1 7/8 in. x 3/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "11.11 cm", "Disp_Width" : "4.76 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Serpentine", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Serpentine", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The two objects carried by the figure, as the depicted by the incised lines on its chest, are a well-known pairing in Olmec iconography: the torch and the "knuckleduster." Both objects were probably symbols of agricultural fertility; ritual items concerning the generation of rain and agricultural abundance and wealth. By wielding these objects, the figure may be portrayed as the controller and provider of rain and agricultural fertility.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 387 / Bliss number B-16.OJ / DO number PC.B.016 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.016.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.016.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.016.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.016.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19211", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22701, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22701", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.535", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Head of Figurine", "Alt_Title" : "Figure Head", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "7.8 x 4.4 x 3.5 cm (3 1/16 x 1 3/4 x 1 3/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "7.8 cm", "Disp_Width" : "4.4 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "serpentine", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "serpentine", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This bust seems to have been originally part of a fairly large standing figure. The different coloration between the exterior surface and the interior of the cut suggests that the cutting of the shoulder and upper chest area was done after exhumation. The relatively common occurrence of greenstone busts as opposed to headless bodies, reflects patterns of stone reuse. While limbs and trunks were probably recarved into smaller objects, heads like this one may have been frequently preserved for their beauty and quality of carving. The formal characteristics of this head recall the figures from La Venta.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Bliss number B-535.63.OS / DO number PC.B.535 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.535.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.535.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.535.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.535.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19723", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22870, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22870", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.027", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Tubular Bead", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "14.29 cm x 2.22 cm (5 5/8 in. x 7/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "14.29 cm", "Disp_Width" : "2.22 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Due to their simple form, tubular jade beads often are diffcult to source and date. This bead, however, is carved from high quality, semi-translucent jadeite and exhibits considerable amounts of cinnabar staining, qualities that are relatively common to Olmec jades.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 479 / Bliss number B-27.OJ (MJ) / DO number PC.B.027 (57.19**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.027.s1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.027.s1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.027.s1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.027.s1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19221", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22702, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22702", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.546", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Standing Figurine", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "8.1 cm x 4.4 cm x 2 cm (3 3/16 in. x 1 3/4 in. x 13/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "8.1 cm", "Disp_Width" : "4.4 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "serpentine", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "serpentine", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Probably carved from a stone celt, this statuette is considerably oxidized from burial. According to information supplied at the time of its acquisition, the figure was discovered at La Venta. The cranial deformation and the cleft motifs incised on its body, similar to pieces excavated from the site, support this attribution. These incisions represent the Olmec bar-and-four-dots motif, a sign that many researchers interpret as symbolyzing the center and four corners of the world.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Bliss number B-546.65.OS / DO number PC.B.546 Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.546.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.546.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.546.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.546.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19734", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22703, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22703", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.551", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Fat God Masquette", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "5.4 cm x 5.08 cm x 3.49 cm (2 1/8 in. x 2 in. x 1 3/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "5.4 cm", "Disp_Width" : "5.08 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This pendant is a miniature mask of the Fat God, a poorly understood being found among the Maya and other early cultures of Mesoamerica. Its grotesque features are atypical for the canons of Olmec beauty, evoking what is believed to be a Bacchus-like character of feasting and clowning. The Fat God also may have been an embodiment of the World Center, the source of fertility, propsperity and wealth. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Bliss number B-551.66.OJ / DO number PC.B.551 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.551.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.551.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.551.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.551.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19739", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.551.S2.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.551.S2.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.551.S2.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.551.S2.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "19794", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22855, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22855", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.033", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Effigy Spear-Thrower", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "54.61 cm x 4.13 cm x 1.91 cm (21 1/2 in. x 1 5/8 in. x 3/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "54.61 cm", "Disp_Width" : "4.13 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Chloromycenite schist", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Chloromycenite schist", "Info_Page_Comm" : "One of the only two known examples of greenstone effigy spear-throwers in Mesoamerica. Originally, the complete piece was fashioned from at least three joined pieces of separately carved stone, of which only the two ends remain. Due to its small size and fragility, it is likely that this atl-atl is an effigy copy rather than a functional weapon. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 667-8 / Bliss number B-33.OS / DO number PC.B.032 / also B-32.02 (see below) (57.17-A**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative This was called B-32.02 in the past, this is consistent with information of 1984 condition reports in the dossier. Said to have been found with B-31 Reportedly found with effigy spear-thrower B-32 The dossier indicate Chloromycetine schist as meaterial while the treatment report of 1984/85 inclined to serpentine. (Evans gave the chloromycenite analysis, Csilla Z. Felker the serpentine one). Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record (JAM) ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.033.s1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.033.s1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.033.s1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.033.s1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19227", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22690, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22690", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.529", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Mirror", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "8 cm x 7.5 cm x 1.1 cm (3 1/8 in. x 2 15/16 in. x 7/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "8 cm", "Disp_Width" : "7.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "One of the few examples of Olmec jade mirrors which served as condensed symbols for the world axis. Rather than referring simply to centrality, these mirrors also alluded to the overlapping themesof water, maize, and wealth. In addition, it is likely that mirrors such as this one were used in divination practices.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ornament", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Bliss number B-529.OJ / DO number PC.B.529 (63.40) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.529.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.529.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.529.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.529.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19718", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22572, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22572", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.603", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Kneeling Transformation Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "18.4 x 9.5 x 8.1 cm (7 1/4 x 3 3/4 x 3 3/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "18.4 cm", "Disp_Width" : "9.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "serpentine", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "serpentine with red pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Although strongly feline, the head of this kneeling figure retains the goatee and distinctive tonsure commonly found with anthropomorphic forms of Olmec Transformation Figures. While the significance of this hairstyle remains unknown, it seems to define a shamanic office.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Bliss number B-603.77.OS / DO number PC.B.603 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM).", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.603.S4.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.603.S4.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.603.S4.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.603.S4.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20252", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.603.S3.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.603.S3.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.603.S3.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.603.S3.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20251", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.603.S2.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.603.S2.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.603.S2.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.603.S2.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "20250", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.603.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.603.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.603.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.603.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "20230", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22573, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22573", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.592", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Seated Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "16.3 cm x 9.21 cm x 5.72 cm (6 7/16 in. x 3 5/8 in. x 2 1/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "16.3 cm", "Disp_Width" : "9.21 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Attributed to Rio Pesquero, this figure appears to have been ritually burned in antiquity (a common trait of jades reportedly from this site). The iconography and modeled features of the piece reveal a complex but also very orderly statement pertaining to interrelated forms of verdant wealth -jade, quetzal plumes, and maize. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Structure", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Bliss number B-592.70.OJ / DO number PC.B.592 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative After the closing of the Lord of Creation traveling exhibith, an open architecture analysis of this objectc was perform by Tony (a.k.a. James H.) Frantz, Research Scientist of the Department of Scientific Research at the Metropolitan Museum of art to determine the nature of the stone. The analysis was made at our request due to the doubt about the composition of the stone mentioned in our records (diopside or jadite) and the fact that in the DO Olmect catalogue is a mention that the dark color in the stone was produce by ritual cremation of the stone. The analysis was posible due to the intervension of Julie Jones, Curator of the Africa, Oceania and the Anericas collection. The results (hard copy availabe in the dossier) are the following: Summary X-ray diffraction and x-ray fluorescence analysis confirm that the figure is carved from jadeitite and further indicate that the black vein material is pyrite. In the microsample on which the latter species was determined, no evidence was found for iron sulfates, oxides or other weathering products commonly occurring on pyrite exposed to the atmosphere and/or soil burial for extended periods. This anomaly, however, may likewise reflect anoxic conditions of burial such as may have been experienced on certain Olmec jades recovered from the Rio Pesquero region. Results Open-architecture x-ray diffraction analysis of the light gray rear surface of the figure yielded a well-defined pattern with more than thirty sharp lines between 5° and 80° 2q using Cu Ka radiation. This pattern was explicitly matched with a very low figure-of-merit to that of jadeite [Na(Al,Fe)Si2O6] using an unrestricted search of the ICDD PDF-2 database (see attached data sheet). Similar analysis of the dark gray underside of the figure yielded identical results (see attached data sheet). X-ray microdiffraction analysis of a very small composite sample of the black material occurring as sub-parallel veins in the rock fabric and exposed as an adherent crust in several places on the surface yielded a well-defined pattern with more than twenty sharp lines in the front and back-reflection regions using Cu Ka radiation. This pattern was successfully matched with a very low figure-of-merit to that of pyrite [FeS2] using an unrestricted search of the PDF-2 database (see attached datasheet). The sample pattern was fully accounted for by the reference pattern for pyrite with no significant residual lines. Specifically, no evidence was observed for anhydrous or hydrated iron oxides or sulfates. Open-architecture x-ray fluorescence spectrometry was performed on the same two areas. The spectrum obtained from the light gray rear surface is dominated by lines for iron and silicon, with weaker peaks for calcium, zirconium and titanium, while the spectrum obtained from the dark gray underside is similar except for weaker silicon lines and the presence of a very weak, low-energy sulfur line. Discussion The results indicate that the stone is a jadeitite--that is a rock comprised principally of the mineral, jadeite [Na(Al,Fe)Si2O6]. Pyrite [FeS2] is a well-recognized accessory mineral in jadeitite, although its occurrence in unaltered form as a surface expression exposed to weathering over extended periods is somewhat surprising. Olmec jades from the Rio Pesquero region reportedly have been recovered from river sediments rich in organic matter and, in such instances, may have sustained anoxic conditions sufficient to preserve surficial exposures of the sulfide species (George Harlow, personal communication). Indeed, the appearance of the Dumbarton Oaks figure resembles that of the gray jades with black veins that have been reported as deriving from this site (e.g., the jadeitite mask in the Dallas Museum of Art, 1973.17). The phenomenon of unaltered pyrite on the surfaces of such objects, however, calls for further study. At the very least, if the exposed veins document the original surface, their occurrence as such would seem to argue against the popular notion that the objects were subjected to deliberate heat treatment as part of cremations or other rituals. This and other questions could be explored through a more extensive mineralogical study of these objects. (by Tony Frantz, Metropolitan Museum of Art) Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM) ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.592.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.592.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.592.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.592.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "22375", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22574, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22574", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.585", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Fragmentary Figure", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "7.62 cm x 5.08 cm x 3.81 cm (3 in. x 2 in. x 1 1/2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "7.62 cm", "Disp_Width" : "5.08 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The outstreched position of this figure's lower arms may indicate dance. The fingers and face are carved with fine line incision delineating, most notably, two pairs of inwardly looking profiles on each side of the face. These schematic symbols are thought to be forms of the Olmec Maize God as seen on cleft-headed figures. Specifically, the profile faces likely represent maize foliation suggesting that the statuette portrays the personified aspect of green growing corn.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Sculpture", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "Bliss number B-585.70.OJ / DO number PC.B.585 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), there was no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.585.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.585.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.585.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.585.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19771", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }