{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 23094, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23094", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.024", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Hummingbird Bloodletter", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "17.15 cm x 2.54 cm x 2.22 cm (6 3/4 in. x 1 in. x 7/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "17.15 cm", "Disp_Width" : "2.54 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This shallowly incised bloodletter features the lancet tip denoting the long, sharp beak. This perforator is of the Olmec "icepick" type. Other examples have been excavated from Formative contexts at la Venta and Seibal as well as from Classic Cerro de las Mesas. The icepick perforator form closely resembles the Olmec feathered maize ear fetishes, with the point representing the protruding ear of corn. In Mesoamerican thought, blood is widely identified with maize, much as if it constituted the sacrificial sustenance of the gods and ancestors. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 601 / Bliss number B-24.OJ / DO number PC.B.024 Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.024.S1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.024.S1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.024.S1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.024.S1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19389", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22843, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22843", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.029", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Celt", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "21.59 cm x 8.57 cm x 4.13 cm (8 1/2 in. x 3 3/8 in. x 1 5/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "21.59 cm", "Disp_Width" : "8.57 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Attributed to Rancho Potrerillos, in the vicinity of El Mangal, Veracruz as celt B-28. Such fine jadeite celts must have been items of great wealth in Middle Formative Olmec society, deriving from the same cache or burial. Smaller than its pair, this celt retains a considerable amount of pecking from the manufacture process in the poll area. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 383 / Bliss number B-29.OJ / DO number PC.B.029 (57.17**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), previous weight on record was 1800g. ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.029.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.029.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.029.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.029.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19223", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22844, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22844", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.028", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Celt", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "28.3 x 8.89 x 3.8 cm (11 1/8 x 3 1/2 x 1 1/2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "28.3 cm", "Disp_Width" : "8.89 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Attributed to Rancho Potrerillos, in the vicinity of El Mangal, Veracruz along with B-29. Both fine jadeite celts must have been items of great wealth in Middle Formative Olmec society deriving, most likely, from the same cache or burial. This celt is the larger of the two revealing a great deal of effort in the final stages of grinding and polishing since only small portions of pecking are still visible. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 382 / Bliss number B-28.OJ / DO number PC.B.028 (57.17**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record (JAM)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.028.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.028.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.028.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.028.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19222", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22856, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22856", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.032", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Effigy Spear-Thrower", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "33.02 cm x 2.22 cm x 2.22 cm (13 in. x 7/8 in. x 7/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "33.02 cm", "Disp_Width" : "2.22 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "One of the only two known examples of greenstone effigy spear-throwers in Mesoamerica. In view of the quality of the jade, form, and workmanship, this example is almost surely Olmec. Its relatively small size suggests that it was not used as a spear-thrower. Instead, it was probably intended as an effigy copy of an atl-atl, perhaps as an insignia of rank or as a votive offering. Although rare, Aztec miniature examples in bone are known from excavations at Templo Mayor. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 669 / Bliss number B-32.OJ (MJ) / DO number PC.B.032 (57.17-B**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record (JAM). Reportedly found with another effigy spear-thrower(PC.B.033)", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.032.s1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.032.s1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.032.s1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.032.s1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19226", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22683, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22683", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.030", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Celt", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "22.54 cm x 10.8 cm x 4.13 cm (8 7/8 in. x 4 1/4 in. x 1 5/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "22.54 cm", "Disp_Width" : "10.8 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This polished celt is of particularly massive and impressive size, weighing almost 1.7 kilograms. The Olmec focus was not on the hafted axe, but rather the naked jade celt, which is frequently represented in both portable and monumental art. Their closely placement in Olmec celt caches indicate that they were deposited without hafted handles. In addition, they are often elaborately carved and incised -ornamentation that would be covered or obscured by hafting. Thus, celts like this one may have played a critical role in preparing the fields for food production but also as condensed symbols of agricultural fertility and farming.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 608 / Bliss number B-30.OJ / DO number PC.B.030 Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in August 2009 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), previous weight on record was 1700 g. (JAM) ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.030.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.030.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.030.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.030.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19224", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 23105, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/23105", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.025", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Hummingbird Bloodletter", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "6.67 cm x 2.22 cm x 1.59 cm (2 5/8 in. x 7/8 in. x 5/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "6.67 cm", "Disp_Width" : "2.22 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Jadeite", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Jadeite", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Almost surely, this object served as a bloodletting instrument. Although the jadeite bloodletters, such as this one, tend not to have sharp points, they may have been used after an initial cut was made from obsidian or another sharp material. It is also conceivable, however, that some jade bloodletters may have been precious but non-functional votive copies of real lancets used in bloodletting. Hummingbirds are an important Olmec bloodletting motif, with the long beak serving as the piercing instrument.", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 404 / Bliss number B-25.OJ / DO number PC.B.025 (57.7**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record.", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.025.S1.JPG", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.025.S1.JPG", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.025.S1.JPG", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.025.S1.JPG", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19219", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22855, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22855", "Disp_Access_No" : "PC.B.033", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "900 BCE - 300 BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "900 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "300 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Effigy Spear-Thrower", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "54.61 cm x 4.13 cm x 1.91 cm (21 1/2 in. x 1 5/8 in. x 3/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "54.61 cm", "Disp_Width" : "4.13 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Chloromycenite schist", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Chloromycenite schist", "Info_Page_Comm" : "One of the only two known examples of greenstone effigy spear-throwers in Mesoamerica. Originally, the complete piece was fashioned from at least three joined pieces of separately carved stone, of which only the two ends remain. Due to its small size and fragility, it is likely that this atl-atl is an effigy copy rather than a functional weapon. ", "Dedication" : "Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ritual Implement", "Creation_Place2" : "Olmec", "Department" : "Pre-Columbian Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Middle Preclassic", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "NGA number 667-8 / Bliss number B-33.OS / DO number PC.B.032 / also B-32.02 (see below) (57.17-A**) Previously on record in Period/Style field: Middle Formative This was called B-32.02 in the past, this is consistent with information of 1984 condition reports in the dossier. Said to have been found with B-31 Reportedly found with effigy spear-thrower B-32 The dossier indicate Chloromycetine schist as meaterial while the treatment report of 1984/85 inclined to serpentine. (Evans gave the chloromycenite analysis, Csilla Z. Felker the serpentine one). Object was weighed in June 2016 with electronic scale (Swiss made: Mettler Toledo PB3002-S/FACT Topload Balance, from the B-S/FACT series), no previous weight on record (JAM) ", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/PC.B.033.s1.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/PC.B.033.s1.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/PC.B.033.s1.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/PC.B.033.s1.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19227", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }