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Middle Byzantine Art

In the eighth to the ninth centuries, theologians and upper-class Byzantines debated the appropriateness of religious images. In 843, the veneration of images was restored and even enshrined as an identifying mark of Orthodoxy. Art made following the restoration of icons in 843 displays the codification of certain iconographic themes, as artists and patrons worked out the boundaries of acceptable religious imagery. The techniques, materials, and imagery of artistic works made in this period furthermore attest to Byzantium’s increased contact with surrounding powers—especially the Islamic world and western Europe—through cross-cultural diplomacy, trade, conflict, and cooperation.

Showing 1 to 20 of 34 Records

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Reliquary Cross with the Crucifixion

Byzantine
late 12th century - early 13th century
enamel on gold
BZ.1936.20

Cameo-cut Virgin Hagiosoritissa

Byzantine
12th century
bloodstone
BZ.1936.31

Roundel with Emperor John II Comnenus

Byzantine
ca. 1110 - 1118
marble
BZ.1937.23

Relief with Virgin Hagiosoritissa

Middle Byzantine
mid 11th century
marble
BZ.1938.62

Virgin Hodegetria, St. John the Baptist, and St. Basil from a plaque

Middle Byzantine
Second half of 10th century
ivory
BZ.1939.8

Triptych Leaf with St. Constantine

Middle Byzantine
mid 10th century
ivory
BZ.1947.11

Ring of Michael Attaleiates

Byzantine
before 1080
enamel on gold
BZ.1947.19

"Cosmati" Floor Panel

Byzantine
11th century - 12th century
porphyry and colored marbles on marble
BZ.1949.2

Descent from the Cross

Middle Byzantine
Second half of 10th century
ivory
BZ.1952.12

Rosette Casket with Warriors, Dionysiac Figures, and Animals

Byzantine
second half of 10th century - first half of 11th century
bone and ivory on wood
BZ.1953.1

Crescent Earring with Facing Birds

Byzantine
late 6th century - 7th century
gold
BZ.1953.12.96

Enkolpion Reliquary Cross with Crucifixion and the Virgin

Byzantine
10 century - 11th century
silver, gilding and niello
BZ.1965.2.1

Hinged Closure with Christ and the Virgin

Byzantine
second half of the 10th century - early 11th century
enamel on gold
BZ.1965.4

Crescent Earring

Byzantine
first half of the 10th century
gold with pearls
BZ.1994.3.1

Ring

Early Byzantine
first half of the 10th century
gold with pearls
BZ.1994.3.2

Triptych with the Virgin Hodegetria and Saints

Middle Byzantine
late 10th century
ivory
BZ.1996.1

Pair of Kolti with Sirens

Byzantine, Middle Byzantine Period, ca. 843-1204 CE
late 11th century - 12th century
enamel on gold
BZ.1999.13.a-b

Plaque with Jewelled Cross and the Bust of an Emperor

Middle Byzantine
mid 10th century
ivory
BZ.1937.18

Plaque with the Incredulity of Thomas

Middle Byzantine
mid 10th century
ivory
BZ.1937.7

Gospel Lectionary with Marginal Illuminations (Dumbarton Oaks MS 1)

Middle Byzantine
second half of the 11th century
tempera on vellum
BZ.1939.12

Showing 1 to 20 of 34 Records


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