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Maya, Late Classic
733 CE
65.09 cm x 63.5 cm x 7.62 cm (25 5/8 in. x 25 in. x 3 in.)

On view


This panel portrays Chakituun, who lived a long and stable life (649–732 ce). The ruler of a secondary city, he cultivated important political and ceremonial ties with the rulers of Piedras Negras. The inscriptions record an event in 690 ce, when he danced in the company of that city’s Ruler 3. Seven years later, he took office under the authority of the same ruler. His successor acceded to the throne under the watchful eye of Chakituun himself, and Piedras Negras’s Ruler 4. Upon Chakituun’s death, a foreign lord, perhaps from Piedras Negras, lent a sculptor to carve this panel for his funerary temple. In life and in death, this vassal king’s fortunes appear to have been dictated by his overlords at Piedras Negras.

Barthel, Thomas S. 1968 Historisches in Den Klassischen Mayainschriften. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 93 (1-2):119-156. p. 138.

Benson, Elizabeth P. 1969 Supplement to the Handbook of the Robert Woods Bliss Collection of Pre-Columbian Art. Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D. C., cat. 431.

Chinchilla Mazariegos, Oswaldo and Stephen D. Houston 1993 Historia Política De La Zona De Piedras Negras: Las Inscripciones De El Cayo. In Vi Simposio De Investigaciones Arqueologicas En Guatemala, 1992, pp. 63-70. Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes, Instituto de Antropologia e Historia, Asociación Tikal, Guatemala. p. 65.

Coe, Michael D. and Elizabeth P. Benson 1966 Three Maya Relief Panels at Dumbarton Oaks. Studies in Pre-Columbian Art & Archaeology; No. 2. Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University, Washington, D.C., p. 4-15, fig. 1, 3, 4.

Coggins, Clemency C. 1969 Illicit Traffic in Pre-Columbian Antiquities Art Journal 29 (1):94-98. p. 98.

Dütting, Dieter 1970 On the Inscription and Iconography of Kuná-Lacanhá Lintel 1. Zeitschrift für Ethnologie 95 (2). p. 213.

Fox, James A. and John S. Justeson 1978 A Mayan Planetary Observation. In Studies in Ancient Mesoamerica Iii, John A. Graham, ed., pp. 55-59. Contributions of the University of California Archaeological Research Facility. vol. 36. Archaeological Research Facility, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley. p. 55, 58, fig. 1.

Kubler, George 1973 The Clauses of Classic Maya Inscriptions. In Mesoamerican Writing Systems: A Conference at Dumbarton Oaks, October 30th and 31st, 1971, Elizabeth P. Benson, ed., pp. 145-164. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collections, Washington, D.C., p. 151.

Looper, Matthew George 2009 To Be Like Gods: Dance in Ancient Maya Civilization. The Linda Schele Series in Maya and Pre-Columbian Studies. University of Texas Press, Austin. p. 30-31, fig. 1.12.

Looper, Matthew George n.d. The Dances of the Classic Maya Deities Chak and Hun Nal Ye. MA thesis; Department of Art and Art History, University of Texas at Austin, 1991. p. 99, fig. 35.

Mayer, Karl Herbert 1980 Maya Monuments: Sculptures of Unknown Provenance in the United States. Maya Monuments; 2. Acoma Books, Ramona, CA. p. 68-70, pl. 60.

Miller, Mary Ellen 1984 Four Maya Reliefs. Apollo CXIX (266):17-20. fig. 1.

Pillsbury, Joanne, Miriam Doutriaux, Reiko Ishihara-Brito and Alexandre Tokovinine (EDS.) 2012 Ancient Maya Art at Dumbarton Oaks. Pre-Columbian Art at Dumbarton Oaks, Number 4. Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Washington, D.C., p. 26-27, 48-57, pl. 2, fig. 25.

Richards, William 2013 A.I.A. Now. In Architect: The Magazine of the American Institute of Architects. vol. April 2013. p. 49, announcing Johnson Wing's 50th Anniversary exhibition.

Tokovinine, Alexandre 2007 Art of the Maya Epitaph: The Genre of Posthumous Biographies in the Late Classic Maya Inscriptions. In Sacred Books, Sacred Languages: Two Thousand Years of Religious and Ritual Mayan Literature, Rogelio Valencia Rivera and Geneviève Le Fort, eds., pp. 1-20. Acta Mesoamericana, 18. Verlag Anton Saurwein, Markt Schwaben. p. 15-16, fig. 3.

Exhibition History
"Flights of Fancy: Birds in Pre-Columbian Art" Dumbarton Oaks, Washington, DC, 10/1/2009 - 2/28/2010.

Acquisition History
Purchased from John A. Stokes Jr., New York (dealer), by Dumbarton Oaks, 1964.

Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, Pre-Columbian Collection, Washington, DC.

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