Greek Mannerist-Baroque painter
Doménikos Theotokópoulos, called El Greco (1541-1614), was born on the Greek island of Crete, which was then under Venetian rule. He began his artistic training there in the tradition of Late Byzantine art and produced icon paintings that gained him considerable renown. In 1567, he emigrated to Venice, establishing himself with Titian's workshop, although he appears also to have studied the paintings of Tintoretto and other Venetian masters. During the first half of the 1570s, El Greco studied in Rome, especially the art of Raphael and Michelangelo as well as the experimental painting styles of the Florentine Mannerists. By 1576-1577, he had left for Spain where he was to spend the rest of his life in Toledo, an important intellectual center as well as the seat of the Spanish Catholic Counter-Reformation movement.