German Renaissance German
Albrecht Dürer was born in Nuremberg on May 21, 1471. He first trained with his goldsmith father. Between 1486-1489, Dürer apprenticed with the painter Michael Wolgemut. Dürer travelled to Colmar, Basel and Strasbourg between 1492-1493. Because of outbreaks of the plague in Nuremberg in 1494 and again in 1505, Dürer travelled twice to Italy, where on his first visit, he stayed in Venice until 1495. There he became acquainted with Venetian Early Renaissance art. Returning to Nuremberg in 1495, Dürer began his notable career as a printmaker and painter. On his 1505 Italian trip, Dürer visited Venice, Bologna, Florence and Rome. Dürer remained mostly in Nuremberg from 1507 until 1520. The emperors Maximilian I and Charles V both became patrons. Dürer was in Antwerp in 1520 and visited Mechelen, Brussels, Aachen and Cologne before returning to Antwerp. Dürer was back in Nuremberg in 1521. Dürer died on April 6, 1528.