French Impressionist painter and draftsman
Renoir was born in Limoges on February 25, 1841, and moved with his family to Paris at the age of four. He began his career as a painter of porcelain, but in 1862-1863 he studied with the Swiss painter Charles Gabriel Gleyre at the École des Beaux-Arts. He first showed at the Salon in 1864, and ten years later he took part in the first Impressionist exhibition. A major solo exhibition of his work was held at the Durand-Ruel Gallery in Paris in 1883. In the last two decades of his life, Renoir was crippled with arthritis; nevertheless he continued to paint and sculpt. Renoir died at Cagnes on December 3, 1919.